OPEN THE DOORS !
Israel must end the Gaza blockade, end all killings, and enable Gaza to open to the world, so as to guarantee the possibility of a viable economy, and improve the humanitarian situation.
The Palestinians must end all attacks against Israel and the Israelis.
Human beings are not bargaining chips.
The Israelis, who hold some six thousand Palestinian prisoners in their jails, must urgently release a significant group of women prisoners, sick persons, the youngest and longest-serving among them, along with those held under administrative detention and other arbitrary procedures – including all the elected members of the Palestinian legislature.*
* Additional information: In exchange for the liberation of Gilad Shalit, 1,027 prisoners were released in 2011, including most of the women detained then, and 78 of the 104 among the longest-serving prisoners were released in 2013, leaving the last scheduled group of 26 behind bars.
Since the attacks known as 'the Facebook Intifada' there has been a surge in the number of prisoners, from around 5,000 to some 6,000.
When this Campaign started in the spring of 2008, the number of prisoners was close to 9,000. As the situation in blockaded Gaza has only worsened in time, the decision was taken in Brussels, in July 2014, to keep the original wording of the Campaign, as conceived in 2008 after the Gaza-Egypt Border Breach. It became evident in the winter of 2015-2016 that the wording of the second sentence had to be changed, the word "rocket" had to be removed, to include all forms of attacks by Palestinians against Israelis. The processing to all the signatories is ongoing. Most of the signatories gave their support between 2008 and 2014.
Parliament reconvened, September 2018 : Five months ago, by the end of April 2018, we were targeted by a campaign of 'Fake News' from Portugal, claiming that some of the signatures of support to this manifesto would have been invented. The rumour then spread to a few countries (France, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary...) and part of the signatories thus targeted declared that "they could not remember" giving their support to this text. It is obvious enough that this initiative 'Open the Doors', launched by Nobel Laureates, never suffered any ambiguity - nor did any of our previous campaigns.
The two targeted French MEPs (of the EPP group) were fair play enough to keep their names among the signatories, once we sent them a copy of their original statements.
Others chose to withdraw their names. We bear no judgment on these retractations. This is a long-distance campaign (10 years yet) which will carry on until the inhabitants of Gaza can move again normally, as they used to until the summer of 2007. In conformity with Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights :
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
239 Members of European Parliament (+ 407 Former Members of the EP)
France : Eric Andrieu, Guillaume Balas, José Bové, Alain Cadec (Chair, Fisheries), Michel Dantin, Karima Delli, Jean-Paul Denanot, Pascal Durand, Nathalie Griesbeck, Françoise Grossetête, Sylvie Guillaume (Vice-President of the EP), Brice Hortefeux, Yannick Jadot, Eva Joly, Patricia Lalonde, Alain Lamassoure, Jérôme Lavrilleux, Patrick Le Hyaric, Edouard Martin, Elisabeth Morin-Chartier (Quaestor), Younous Omarjee, Gilles Pargneaux, Vincent Peillon, Maurice Ponga, Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy, Dominique Riquet, Michele Rivasi, Robert Rochefort, Tokia Saïfi, Isabelle Thomas, Marie-Christine Vergiat
Italy: Marco Affronte, Daniela Aiuto, Laura Agea, Tiziana Beghin, Brando Benifei, Renata Briano, Fabio Massimo Castaldo, Sergio Cofferati, Ignazio Corrao, Silvia Costa, Andrea Cozzolino, Rosa D'Amato, Paolo De Castro, Eleonora Evi, Laura Ferrara, Lorenzo Fontana, Michela Giuffrida, Roberto Gualtieri, Giulia Moi, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Massimo Paolucci, Piernicola Pedicini, Elly Schlein, Renato Soru, Barbara Spinelli, Dario Tamburrano, Patrizia Toia, Marco Valli, Marco Zanni, Marco Zullo
Germany : Jan Albrecht, Klaus Buchner, Reinhard Hans Bütikofer, Michael Cramer (Chair, Transport & Tourism), Christian Ehler, Cornelia Ernst, Evelyne Gebhardt, Sven Giegold, Thomas Händel (Chair, Employment and Social Affairs), Rebecca Harms (Co-President, Greens-EFA), Maria Heubuch, Ska Keller, Jo Leinen, Barbara Lochbihler (Vice-Chair, Human Rights), Sabine Lösing, Gesine Meissner, Martina Michels, Norbert Neuser, Helmut Scholz, Renate Sommer, Kerstin Westphal, Joachim Zeller, Gabriele Zimmer (Chair GUE/NGL)
UK : Martina Anderson, Catherine Bearder (Quaestor), Jill Evans, Julie Girling, Mary Honeyball, Ian Hudghton, Sajjad Karim, Wajid Khan, Jean Lambert, Linda McAvan, David Martin, Claude Moraes, Molly Scott Cato, Alyn Smith, Catherine Stihler, Keith Taylor, Derek Vaughan, Julie Ward
Poland : Jerzy Buzek (former President of the EP), Ryszard Czarnecki (Vice-President of the EP), Lidia Geringer de Oedenberg, Adam Gierek, Krzysztof Hetman, Danuta Hübner (Chair, Constitutional Affairs), Danuta Jazłowiecka, Jarosław Kalinowski, Bogusław Liberadzki (Quaestor), Elżbieta Łukacijewska, Jan Olbrycht, Róza Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, Jarosław Wałęsa, Bogdan Brunon Wenta, Janusz Wladyslaw Zemke, Tadeusz Zwiefka
Spain : Ines Ayala Sender, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Santiago Fisas Ayxelà, Iratxe García Pérez, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Florent Marcellesi, Javier Nart, Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz, Josep-Maria Terricabras, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ernest Urtasun
Romania : Victor Boştinaru, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Monica Luisa Macovei, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Csaba Sógor, Theodor Stolojan, Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu, Traian Ungureanu, Renate Weber, Iuliu Winkler, Maria Gabriela Zoana
Belgium : Pascal Arimont, Mark Demesmaeker, Gérard Deprez, Philippe Lamberts, Louis Michel, Claude Rolin, Bart Staes, Marc Tarabella, Kathleen Van Brempt, Guy Verhofstadt (Chair, Liberals; former Prime Minister)
Ireland : Lynn Boylan, Matt Carthy, Nessa Childers, Brian Crowley, Luke “Ming” Flanagan, Marian Harkin, Brian Hayes, Mairead McGuinness (Vice-President of the EP), Liadh Ní Riada
Netherlands : Wim van de Camp, Bas Eickhout, Dennis de Jong, Esther de Lange, Anne-Marie Mineur, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Judith Sargentini
Sweden : Malin Björk, Anna Hedh, Olle Ludvigsson, Jens Nilsson, Soraya Post, Marita Ulvskog
Hungary : Livia Jaroka (Vice-President of the EP); Benedek Jávor, Ádám Kósa, László Tőkés (former Vice President of the EP)
Slovakia : Monika Flašíková Benová, Eduard Kukan, Vladimír Maňka, Miroslav Mikolášik, Monika Smolkova, Boris Zala
Slovenia : Franc Bogović, Tanja Fajon, Alojz Peterle, Patricia Sulin, Ivo Vajgl, Milan Zver
Malta : Miriam Dalli, Roberta Metsola, Marlene Mizzi, Alfred Sant, Francis Zammit Dimech
Austria : Heinz Becker, Karin Kadenbach, Othmar Karas (former Vice-President of the EP), Evelyn Regner, Josef Weidenholzer
Lithuania : Zigmantas Balčytis, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė, Rolandas Paksas, Algirdas Saudargas, Viktor Uspaskich
Cyprus : Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Demetris Papadakis, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Eleni Theocharous
Portugal : José Inácio Faria, Antonio Marinho e Pinto, Marisa Matias, Sofia Ribeiro, Carlos Zorrinho
Luxembourg : Georges Bach, Frank Engel, Charles Goerens, Claude Turmes
Greece : Miltiadis Kyrkos, Dimitrios Papadimoulis (Vice-President of the EP), Maria Spyraki, Elissavet Vozemberg
Denmark : Margrete Auken, Ole Christensen, Christel Schaldemose
Finland : Heidi Hautala, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Sirpa Pietikaïnen
Bulgaria : Andrey Kovatchev (Quaestor), Svetoslav Hristov Malinov
Latvia : Sandra Kalniete, Krišjānis Kariņš
Czech Republic : Jirí Maštálka (former Quaestor), Pavel Poc
Croatia : Davor Škrlec, Ruža Tomašić
Estonia : Indrek Tarand
66 Nobel Laureates (+13 deceased since 2010)
12 Peace Nobel Laureates: Bishop Carlos Belo, President Jimmy Carter, the Dalaï Lama, Shirin Ebadi, Leymah Gbowee, John Hume, Mairead Maguire, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Cora Weiss (UN Representative for ICP), Betty Williams, Jody Williams
21 Chemistry Nobel Laureates : Peter Agre, Paul Berg, Thomas Cech, Martin Chalfie, Elias Corey, Paul Crutzen, Robert Curl, Johann Deisenhofer, Manfred Eigen, Richard Ernst, Gerhard Ertl, Alan Heeger, Dudley Herschbach, Roald Hoffmann, Robert Huber, Sir Aaron Klug, Yuan T. Lee, Jean-Marie Lehn, John Polanyi, Jens Skou, John Walker; John Fenn (deceased 2010), Sir Harold Kroto (deceased in 2016), Herbert Hauptman (deceased, 2011), William Lipscomb (deceased, 2011)
14 Medicine Nobel Laureates : , Mario Capecchi, Arvid Carlsson, Martin Evans, Edmond Fischer, Paul Greengard, Roger Guillemin, Louis Ignarro, Eric Kandel, Erwin Neher, Sir Paul Nurse, Richard Roberts, Jack Szostak, Torsten Wiesel, Harald zur Hausen; Baruj Benacerraf (deceased 2010), Marshall Nirenberg (deceased 2010), Baruch Blumberg (deceased, 2011), E. Donnall Thomas (deceased 2012), Christian de Duve (deceased 2013), François Jacob (deceased 2013); Günter Blobel (deceased 2018)
11 Physics Nobel Laureates : Zhores Alferov, Albert Fert, John Hall, Brian Josephson, Leon Lederman, Tony Leggett, Douglas Osheroff, Jack Steinberger, Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Daniel Tsui, Martinus Veltman; Donald Glaser (deceased 2013)
4 Literature Nobel Laureates : John Coetzee, Elfriede Jelinek, Toni Morrison, Wole Soyinka; Dario Fo (deceased 2016)
4 Economics Nobel Laureate : George Akerlof, Daniel Kahneman, Sir James Mirrlees, Oliver Williamson
Yasmina Khadra, Noam Chomsky, Jean-Luc Godard, David Grossman, Satish Kumar, John Mayall, Amos Oz, Hanna Siniora, Martin Gray (Warsaw Ghetto survivor, deceased 2016), Stéphane Hessel (observer of the editing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948; deceased, 2013), Franca Rame (deceased 2013), Michel Rocard (former French Prime Minister; deceased 2016)
April 30, 2018
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